Never the term “Industrial Revolution 4.0” has been mentioned and used as widely as today. Appeared more and more on most mass media, forums and social media channels with the participation of reviews, comments and even guesswork from many walks of life. industrial networks. 4.0 seems to have become a must-have keyword. The number 4.0 is taken as a “standard” towards other fields, from which “Education 4.0”, “Health 4.0” or even “Tourism 4.0” will appear.
Is there too much confidence, optimism and excitement for a beautiful prospect that the “Industrial Revolution 4.0” can bring? Just a simple test with searches on Google search engine, “Vietnam Industrial Revolution 4.0 opportunities” and “Vietnam Industrial Revolution 4.0 challenges” will produce very worthy numbers. so that we must be mindful. “Chance” for more than 4 million results while “Challenge” only appeared more than four hundred thousand times. At first glance at this 10-to-1-challenge ratio, perhaps many people will think that Vietnam is ready to take the “leap” and “front” steps in this industrial revolution. or at least in terms of willpower. However, the reality is different, even much different. According to the latest assessment results in the report on “The Readiness for Future Production (Industry 4.0)” of the World Economic Forum published in early 2018, only 20 countries are really ready. is ready for the changes that the Industrial Revolution 4.0 is and will bring, and Vietnam never appears on that list (Southeast Asia is represented by Singapore and Malaysia). The report also assesses and sorts over a hundred countries into 4 different groups with different readiness and catch-up capabilities for Industry 4.0. Vietnam is unfortunately classified into the lowest group with the highest risk of negative impacts and being left behind. There are two important assessment criteria: technological capabilities and human resources, both of which are scored below the average on a 10-point scale. Not having technology will lead to a loss in competition, but it is possible. It can be overcome by importing and transferring, but without the people willing to grasp and apply the technology, it is a huge risk for production, and more broadly, the domestic economy.
Accompanying the Industrial Revolution 4.0 are breakthrough new technologies, especially those related to digital transformation such as robotics, artificial intelligence (AI), internet of things (IoT) and 3D printers will fundamentally change today’s global production. From a micro perspective, machines will radically replace humans in many fields. Many professions will disappear, leading to a drastic movement of labor into new occupations requiring more special capabilities, which is the disadvantage of unskilled and low-skilled workers. From a macro perspective, the developed countries will re-establish a series of highly automated and intelligent factories and factories right in the country and next to where the need arises while ceasing to invest and even closing. Its production bases are overseas, which is the loss of manufacturing and outsourcing countries.
Vietnam is facing two risks at the same time: One is the risk of excess unskilled and low-skilled workers once industries with the strength of cheap labor become weak and the other is the risk. There is no, rather, it is not enough to prepare enough human resources for new industries and new production models that Industry 4.0 brings. Both will be very difficult for Vietnam to know that Vietnam’s manufacturing is not at level 3.0 but is in a complicated mixture of 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0. Currently, in most training institutions, especially Universities in Vietnam, still focuses on theory and focuses on specialties, which really do not meet the current labor needs and are still far from new. can anticipate the demand in the coming years. With the increasingly fast and volatile impact of the Industrial Revolution 4.0, it is much more difficult to predict the shifts, disappearances and professions.
However, if it is said that there is a profession that Industrial Revolution 4.0 will not destroy but even highlight its existence, it is the profession of “Creation”. All learners, apart from their own specialization, whether technical, scientific or cultural – artistic, need to be trained in this “Creation” profession. In developed countries, the training for “Innovation” has been deployed for many years in its full range.